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A comparison and contrast essay is written in order to analyze how two certain subjects are similar or different to each other. In addition, it uses this analysis to make an important argument regarding the subjects. On the one hand, this process might seem intimidating to you. On the other hand, with persistent work and practice, you’ll accomplish this task.
Step 1: To Formulate Your Argument
- Choose two subjects that are appropriate for comparison and contrast. They should be different enough, so that you can compare them.
- Check whether your subjects are suitable for a meaningful discussion. It means that you shouldn’t just point out that they have some similarities and differences. A meaningful compare and contrast essay is supposed to help the readers understand why it’s worth to compare these two subjects.
- Start with brainstorming your topic. After having found a good topic, you might see that you can’t formulate your thesis right now. Spend some time on considering how your choosen subjects are similar as well as different. Thus, it will help you to see which points should be focused on.
- Elaborate on the main points. It’s impossible to provide every single similarity and difference of the compared subjects. In fact, you should choose only on a few the most important points.
- Develop your thesis. Actually, a thesis of a compare and contrast essay can take a lot of directions, but you are supposed to discuss the one that explains why it is good to put these particular subjects in comparison.
Step 2: To Organize Your Essay
There are several structures to organize a comparison and contrast essay.However, you should choose the most appropriate.
- Subjects: one after another. It means that firstly you list all of the points regarding Topic A, and then the same - with Topic B. The advantage of this method is that it is convenient to read. However, there is the risk that the reader might think that this is just a list of characteristics.
- Point by point. If you choose this kind of organization, it means you switch back and forth from one point to another. On the one hand, it’s quite clear what you’re comparing or contrasting. On the other hand, the reader might be confused by those switches. So, don’t forget to use transitions.
- Comparison then contrast. This structure means first presenting all of the comparisons and then all of the contrasts. If your goal is to show how these two subjects are different, this method would be really effective. Nevertheless, if you emphasize the similarities at the beginning of your essay, it might be rather difficult for the readers to understand why you are contrasting these subjects.
Outlining of your essay requires such paragraphs as:
- Introduction. In this paragraph, you should state your thesis and the direction of an essay.
- Paragraphs of the Body. Here you elaborate on the details and provide pieces of evidence in order to support your statements.
- Acknowledgment of Concession. In this paragraph. you acknowledge the existence of other counter-arguments and show that they can’t be applied.
- Conclusion. Here you should sum up all the supportive information. In addition, you are supposed to restate the thesis one more time.
Step 3: Summarizing all of the Information
- Don’t forget to explain why it is important to compare your subjects.
- Think of an interesting title.
- Look through your essay to make sure it doesn’t have any grammar or spelling mistakes.