Without any doubt, in the 21st century humans have faced mental disorders that have considerably impaired health conditions and casted doubt on existence of future generations. Thus, it is vital to determine effective treatment in the field of psychotherapy that can help humans to deal with psychological challenges. Looking at the current psychological disorders, the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) highly recommends applying cognitive behavioral theory (CBT) as a significant psychotherapeutic approach that is designed in order to modify human dysfunctional emotions, behaviors, posttraumatic stresses, and cognitions trough a goal-oriented procedures (Vacc & Loesch, 2000).
Historically, the development of CBT can be traced back to the early 20th century, when the scientists were studying behavioral concepts. At this time, in 1924 Mary Cover Jones investigated different types of fear in children. The wave of behaviorism was extended in the USA, the UK, and South Africa in 1950 – 1970. The most prominent scientists in this field were John Watson, Joseph Wolpe, Clark Hull, Hans Eysenck, and Ivan Pavlov. However, at that time scientists pointed out that the behavioral approaches were less successful in the treatment of the depression. Consequently, behaviorism lost its popularity and influenced the rise of cognitive revolution. The first approaches of cognitive behavioral theory were developed by Aaron Beck and Albert Ellis. It is generally true that in the mid of 1950th Albert Ellis made a breakthrough in the field of psychoanalysis by developing the cognitive behavioral theory as a result of strong reaction to the popular psychotherapeutic concepts at that time. Furthermore, in 1960 the cognitive school of thought appeared the process of human thinking that focused on solving their problems, and sustenance. The scientists applied the cognitive behavioral approaches in order to diagnose the patients and after that to intervene human consciousness with the aim to change human behavior, perception, and process of thinking. At the cognitive behavior school, the scholars developed two important approaches that help to understand human ways of memorizing and thinking, commonly known as information processing and meaningful learning. On the stage of information processing, people absorb the new information and retrieve it when needed. On the stage of meaningful learning, humans are trying to get the vital information, to organize, and to structure it. Moreover, the follower of Ellis, Aaron Beck elaborated on the main bases of cognitive theory in 1960. Additionally, in 1970, Arnold Lazarus developed the first form of broad-spectrum cognitive behavioral theory that included behavioral treatment to the cognitive concepts. Undoubtedly, the scientific works of British scholar David Clark and American psychotherapeutic scientist David Barlow had a significant influence on the merging of behavioral and cognitive approaches into one theory in the 1980th and 1990th (Alfred & Beck, 1998).
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The personal choice of using the cognitive behavioral theory can be amplified by the fact that this theory can be applied as the most effective treatment for the identification of health problems, such as anger management, chronic fatigue symptoms, drug and alcohol problems, phobias, sleep issues, post-traumatic stress, obsessive-compulsive disorder, mood swings, and general health problems. Moreover, Corey (2009) pointed out that the cognitive behavioral therapy is more effective, comparing to the drug therapy. For instance, twelve sessions of CBT can be more helpful in the treatment of depression in comparison with the drug taking during the two-year follow-up period.
All in all, cognitive behavioral theory is an effective theory that investigates human ways of behaving, deciding, and thinking. Moreover, this theory is evaluated as a psychoeducational model that helps to solve psycho problems, emotional and behavioral disturbances. Finally, the cognitive behavioral theory is an effective tool of solving health issues through learning procedures.
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