Art influences almost every aspect of our daily lives. Artists try as much as possible to make interesting art works. They do this by using numerous materials such as paper, newsprint, photographs, and ribbons in their work (Willson). A collage can either be done physically or electronically using software applications such as Adobe Illustrator, Photoshop, InDesign, and Pen pad. Whereas such applications can be viewed as gods, sometimes they can be monsters as there may be some difficulties while using them.
Adobe Illustrator, Photoshop, InDesign, and Pen pad are gods in the drawing and design industry. They allow creating images in digital form and provide much functionality that enables creation of images in desired forms. Adobe Illustrator designs images in vector form and provides numerous tools to aid in their manipulation. The “trace” function, for example, is used to transform raster images to vectors. Photoshop allows to edit digital photographs. It contains tools that enable cropping, slicing, drawing, painting, and healing graphics.
Adobe InDesign is used to create various works for print such as magazines, posters, and books. It contains various design tools that make works look great on different page sizes and orientations. Pen pads allow users to draw graphics, just like in normal drawing, using pen like structures. It also aids in tracing of graphics from papers and makes drawing easy for artists using its pen-like device.
Though software applications such as Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop enrich artists with a variety of tools that make their work interesting, they pose many challenges. Unlike Pen pads, they enable users to draw using the mouse. This becomes very difficult when drawing or painting curved surfaces as the direction of movement of the mouse may differ with the disired direction of the graphic. Moreover, making sharp curves using the mouse is very difficult and consumes a lot of time.
Many graphic design applications require basic knowledge in computers. In addition, it requires resources such as time and money to further learn how to use them. Even though, they are beneficial, graphic designers find it hard to deal with the required time and money.
David Carson, though started with a career in teaching and became a renowned graphic designer. He started experimenting in graphic design in 1983, delved deep in the field, and became a real hero. He worked in different organizations, from Surfer and Ray Gun in early nineties to Nike, Fox Television, and Microsoft as a graphic designer. This built his reputation and made him earn various awards including the best overall design from the Society of Publication Designers and designer of the year 1999 from the International Center of Photography. He also published many books and articles such as The End of Print and 2nd Sight - Grafik Design after the End Print used by many graphic designers worldwide.
Aldus Manutius, a scholar, an editor, a typographer and a businessman, began his career as a humanist teacher. He then started a printing house in 1493 whose work was inspired by both the culture and the economy. He published works of various renowned persons including Aristotle, Sopocles, and Euripides and pioneered many innovations in the field of printing including the portable book which proved beneficial to travelling scholars, developed advanced typeface design, and invented the italic type (The Typographic Archive). He also founded a New Academy which promoted the study of Greek.
Whereas graphic design applications provide the variety of functionalities for graphic designers, they may at times be ‘monster’ for the designers. In case of David Carson and Aldus Manitius, graphic design made them earn for a living and gained recognition.