Ethnicity is a situation where an individual or a group of people are found to have a lineage related to a certain ethnic group. According to the definition of Merriam Webster dictionary, ethnicity is a quality of affiliation to a certain social group that has a common cultural or national tradition. Therefore, ethnicity is a situation where people share cultural believes, perspectives, practices, and distinctions that distinguish their group from the others. This implies that ethnicity has a common cultural heritage. The most unique characteristic of different ethnic groups is based on a common ancestry, language, religion, a sense of history, and some styles of dressing.
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In her book, Suzan Ozak examines how different global components influence the death toll that originates from internal armed conflicts. The principle of conventional wisdom states that the severity of the internal conflicts decreases gradually with the spread of globalization. Despite these conditions, the rate fatalities continue to increase in most cases. However, the theories of civil war disagree with the effect of globalization and its influence on both ethnic and non-ethnic armed conflicts. From the evidence obtained from various social science globalization perspectives, ethnic conflicts only provide the guidelines to civil wars. The results indicate that economic and cultural globalization creates a significant increase in the level of fatalities that result from ethnic conflicts. This illustration supports the argument that there exists competition on world-polity perspectives between the various ethnicities that exist in a country. The other observation is that the sociotechnical features of globalization increase the rates of deaths related to ethnic conflicts but reduces those that have no connection to ethnicity. Other observations indicate that corrupt rgimes have a tendency of increasing the fatalities that are based on non-ethnic conflicts; this supports the explanation why the severity of war is high in corrupt and weak states (Olzak, 2011).
According to the modern discussion of international affairs, there are common misleading assumptions that the world is troubled by prehistoric ethnic conflicts. According to Bowen (1996), this notion makes ethnic groups lie in wait for one another reviewing the age old hatred, a situation that is only restrained by the powerful states. This implies that the weak states maintain high tensions based on primordial ethnic understandings to an extent that when the lid is removed, the cauldron boils. However, there are still differing opinions on this precision for the future. Some analysts feel that the global fragmentation of tribes into small groups may be faced off by civilization and eventual coalition, thus, the current conflicts fueled by cultural differences and ancient ethnic loyalties may come to end.
Nonetheless, Chua (2002) views the notion as a misrepresentation of the origin of conflicts and neglects the ability of coexistence of different people. The phrase relating to ethnic conflicts is a total misdirection that makes people focus on the shorthand manner of referring to violent confrontations between the groups of people that live in the same country. Although some of the conflicts involve cultural or ethnic identity, most of them concentrate on their leader’s acquisition of power, land, and other resources and do not arise as a result just of ethnic diversity.
In a social analysis of the situation, the division of economic class is viewed from the classical approach to the problems related to ethnic conflicts. However, most of the conflicts experienced in the modern times are naturally ethiical, because they have a vertical characteristic in the class division which is normally dominated by horizontal antagonisms across the groups that are delineated by non-economic symbols. Esteban and Debraj (2008) highlighted the perverse synergy that characterizes economic inequalities within various ethnic groups and their role in the occurrence of ethnic conflicts. This model of group formation allows both ethnic and class groupings to emerge. However, there is evidence that among the groupings, ethnic conflicts as opposed to class conflicts may emerge and maintain a focal point especially in the presence of economic inequalities in a country.
In conclusion, tribalism and ethnicity are among the main social evils that have proved to be disastrous in many nations in the world particularly in Africa. These ethnic-based profiling has resulted in massive deaths, destruction of property, and consequential displacement of people in the name of ethnic chauvinism. In every part of the world, ethnicity remains a contentious issue in social, economic, and political forums. This topic has resisted the test of time, and ignoring the discussions that center on cross-cultural interaction of the people results in more problems. Therefore, the solution to these problems is to adopt a globalized context that focuses on philosophical perspectives such as monadism, monism, and pluralism as a way of reducing the cross-cultural conflicts. Pluralism can enlighten the population on how to tolerate the cultures of one another. Monadism can be used to assess the popular celebrations of culture while monism can be applied to discuss the pessimistic understandings of globalization. Therefore, the best approach to end ethnic-based conflicts is to employ a strategy that embraces critical tolerance and celebration of ethnic differences in a reasonable alternative in the globalization era.
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