Ethics is a segment of life, which identifies the living standards of the humanity for a certain period. It means that standards of previous generations transform according to the views, values, and perceptions of social development. There are different ethical models in the history of ethics, which penetrated the community performance according to the standards of the society. Ethical models include ethical leadership, ethical decision-making, ethical standards, and the diversity of sub-models applied to different segments of social performance. For example, business segment considers the application of moral, immoral, or amoral management ethics. Every segment of human activity considers a certain set of ethical principles, which define performance. There is also a concept of ethics and laws, which crisscross each other and formulate the basis of ethical perception. Laws and ethics are different segments. It does not mean that ethics are always legal and laws are always ethical (Gonzalez-Prendes, 2012). However, the collaboration of these two elements formulates the model of ethical behavior, which means that its users apply ethical standards and principles, which are acceptable for a selected segment of the community.
There are different ethical rules, which involve the application of diverse ethical principles. The moral rights rule includes the fundamental rights of every human, including the rights for privacy and free speech. These are examples of humanitarian rules, which let others live in the society welcoming fair perception of every citizen. Consequential rule is another element, which helps to formulate ethical decisions according to the consequences. The legal rule is the next part, which treats people according to the laws in ethical perspective. The Integrative Social Contracts rule is another component, which reflects the penetration of ethics within the culture. It defines ethical principles and standards for a selected group of people formulated under the influence of a certain culture.
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Ethical decision-making is one of the most appropriate ethical models, according to my point of view. First, it involves different steps, which help to establish a systematic approach towards elimination of ethical dilemma. Ethical dilemmas occur when it comes to the problems in decision-making process. The steps of the decision-making model include identification of the problem and its potential issues, review of ethical guidelines, application of ethical laws and standards, accounting for the consequences, and deciding according to the situation and its peculiarities. This ethical model is appropriate in collaboration with other ethical rules, including the moral rights rule and consequential rule. These rules help to decide whether actions have a fair perspective and reflect the ethical nature of alternatives in the decision-making process. I agree with the concepts of the selected model and rules as long as they reflect an ethical nature of my personal perception of the processes happening within the society. For example, I believe that society should live according to equal rights among all social classes. It is inappropriate to establish different rules for classes, which will limit actions and create communication barriers. It is unacceptable to build social performance based on ethical conflicts and misunderstandings. Equality is the main force, which defines my ethical perceptions and decisions.
Ethical Dilemma Recognition and Analysis
Ethical dilemmas penetrate everybody’s life in different ways. Friendships, family, and workplace are the main areas of ethical dilemmas, where decisions are made according to the situation. However, I would like to take into account a situation, which took place during my teenage years. Friendship is an appropriate example, which can show the reflection of personal ethical principles. Several years ago, I had two friends. They did not know each other. One of them had a girlfriend. Another friend was single. He told me once that he met a girl and they started dating. In a week, I figured out that it was a girlfriend of another friendd of mine, who started to suspect that his girlfriend had an affair with someone else. An ethical dilemma arose at the point that I had to choose whether to tell one friend that his girlfriend had an affair, or tell another one that his girlfriend lied to him and she already had a relationship. This simple situation took a day to apply my ethical decision-making model in order to make an appropriate decision. After weighing consequences and thinking about moral values appropriate for me and my friends, I decided to tell both of them about the situation. I believed that it would be fair to bring the light onto the situation, which blinded both of them. I was lucky that there was no conflict between them. They both decided to stop all communication with the girl. Now we are good friends and always tell each other the truth before it turns into lies and starts hurting someone.
Ethical Leadership and Corporate Social Responsibility
Ethical leadership is a mandatory element of the performance of any company, which support the right of all employees to perform in ethical, legal, and friendly environment. Ethical leadership means that the company applies a set of models and rules, which penetrate the performance at all levels in the company. It helps to define “right” and “wrong” and regulates the company’s activity by supporting ethical requirements of every employee.
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is another activity in the company’s business routine, which formulates its duties universally. CSR considers formulation of rules and principles, which provide the company with sustainable development at the global level (Kotchen & Moon, 2012). It means that the company performs with full responsibility regarding its impact on the development of the community on environmental, economic and social levels. CSR implies an application of a set of rules, including the collaboration of both ethical and legal concepts by the company’s management. It is a significant element in ensuring responsible actions in the whole company at any business level.